Directions (1-10): In the following questions, some of the sentences have errors and some are correct . Find out which part of a sentence has an error and blacken the rectangle corresponding to the appropriate letter (a, b, c ). If a sentence is free from errors, blacken the rectangle corresponding to ( d ) in the Answer sheet.

1.    The priest emphasised  (a)/ that it is the duty (b)/ of all christians  to love each other. (c)/ No error (d)

2.    The pond is flooded (a)/ with water because it is raining (b)/ continuously for the last three days. (c0/ No error (d)

3.    Scaling the high wall, (a)/ a vast expanse of greenery (b)/ reaching up to the horizon was seen. (c)/ No error (d)

4.   Any of the two (a)/ roads leads (b)/ to the stations. (c)/ No error (d)

5.   This is the boy (a)/who I think had won (b)/ the gold medal in the dance competition. (c)/ No error (d)

Directions (1-10):  In  the following questions, sentences are give with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word(s). Four alternative out of the four and indicate it by blackening the appropriate rectangle in the Answer Sheet.

6.  The father was angry and cast…………. his son.

       (a)  down                               (b)   about

        (c)  off                                      (d) of

7.   Indian masses are ……………. law-abiding.

(a)  far and away                 (b)  by and large

(c)  by far                              (d)   by any means

8.  The film we saw last night was boring. I wish I………….

(a)  shouldn`t have seen        (b)  hadn`t seen

(c)  didn`t see                      (d)  wouldent have seen

9.  His old clothes and uncombed hair gave him a…………

(a)  disrespectful                      (b)  disputatious

(c)   discontented                     (d)   disreputable

10. There are, as yet, no vegetation types or ecosystems whose study has been perfected to the extent that they no longer………ecologists.

(a)  challenge                          (b)  hinder

(c)   interest                            (d)   require

Directions (11-13): In the following questings, out of the four alternatives, choose the one which best exrpesses the meaning  of the given word and mark it in the Answer sheet.

11.  MOLLIFY

(a)   Contradict                         (b)  Disseminate

(c)  Assuage                               (d)  Persuade

12.  OBSTACLE

(a)  Denouement                       (b)  Progress

(c)  Hindrance                           (d)  Cessation

13.   AUDACIOUS

(a)  Industrious                         (b)  Uncaring

(c) Boisterous                            (d)  Daring

Directions (14-16): In the following questions, choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word and mark it in the Answer sheet.

14.   PLUMMET

(a)  stagnate                       (b)  Fall

(c)  Soar                               (d) Equate

15.  VOLATILE

(a)   Fresh                           (b)  stable

(c)   Angry                            (d)   Favourable

16.  EBULLIENT

(a)  Spiritless                     (b)  Soulless

(c)  Mindless                      (d)  Heartless

Directions (17-21):  In the following questions, four alternatives are give for the Idiom/Phrase. Choose the alternative  which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase and mark it in Answer Sheet.

17.   He immediately set about organizing  the department.

(a)  looked around                (b)  took charge

(c)   started                             (d)  took steps towards

18.  Those intending to take up the military sevice must be prepared to go through the hoops.

(a)  be made to pay hevy amount of money

(b)  be punished severely

(c) be made to singn bondss

(d) bemade to sing bonds

19.  He is playing ducks and drakes with the wealth of his father.

(a)  spending diligently        (b)  spending lavishly

(c)  spending foolishly        (d)  spending carefully

20.  The Principal called the latecomers to her room and delivered a curtain lecture on the subject of late hours.

(a)  dramatic lecture                  (b)  brief lecture

(c)  cautionary talk given in private

(d) talk behind the curtain

21. The project to clean the river Ganga ended in smoke.

(a) yielded no practical result

(b) yield only confusion

(c) yielded no profit

(d)  yielded no plan

Directions (22-31):  In  the following questions, a part of the sentence is underline part a, b and c  which may improve the sentence.  Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, your answer is(d).

22.  An early bird  catches the worm.

(a)  The early bird                      (b)  A early bird

(c)   Early bird                            (d) No improvement

23.   As the tenant was in deficit  with his rent we were forced to give him notice.

(a) behind                                 (b) obligation

(c)  difficulties                           (d) No improvement

24.  Nightclubs are open far into night .

(a) over head his heels in love

(b)  on his heels over head in love

(c)  in love head over the heels

(d) No improvement

25.   Nightclubs are open far into night.

(a) into the night far      (b)  far into the night

(c) into far night             (d) No improvement

26.  The Field Marshal knew that untrained troops were no good to him, he needed complete veterans.

        (a)  seasoned                    (b) defiant

(c)  well-maintained         (d) No improvement

27.  Once only did she give her way to emotions. 

(a)  Only once did she give way to emotions.

(b)  Only once she did give way to her emotions.

(c) Once only did she give way to here emotions

(d) No improvement

28.  I don`t think Harsh will beat Mohit at chess. Mohit is one too much for him.

(a) too much one            (b) too many one

(c) one too many             (d) No improvement

29.  Throughout history, both ancient and modern, men were fond of waging war.

(a) had been                         (b) have been

(c) are                                     (d) No improvement

30. Since your departure, nothing has been transpired here worth your notice.

(a) worthy of note has been transpired here

(b) worthy of note has transpired here

(c) worth your notice has transpired here

(d) No improvement

31.  Who can prevent your from getting married now that you are within age?

(a) in                         (b) of

(c) on                            (d) No improvement

Directions (32-38):  In the following questions, out of the four alternatives choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/ sentence.

32.  A large number of bullets fired at the same time

(a) Fusillade                     (b) Rattle

(c) Shoot                            (d) Archery

33.  A tell, strong woman

(a)  Siren                             (b) Amazon

(c)  Harridan                       (d) Shrew

34.  A difficult problem

(a) Labyrinth                     (b) Maze

(c) Conundrum                  (d) Puzzle

35.  The policy of extending a country`s empire and influence

(a) Imperialism                      (b) Internationalism

(c) Capitalism                         (d) Communism

36.  A person who studies the origin and history of words

(a) Ethnologist                       (b) Polyglot

(c) Grammarian                   (d) Etymologist

37.  A book which  holds several works of one author

(a) Anthology                         (b)  Biography

(c) Omnibus                            (d) Bibliotheque

38.  One who deliberately damages other people`s peoperty

(a) Arsonist                           (b) Destructor

(c) Vandal                              (d) Vampire

Directions(39-40):  In the following questions, there are four different words out of which one is correctly spelt. Find the correctly splet word and indicate it by blackening the appropriate rectangle in the Answer Sheet.

39.  (a) Irrisistable                                 (b) Irresistibe

(c) Irresestee                                 (d) Irresistable

40.    (a) Bareoque                                 (b) Baroque

(c) Baruque                                (d) Barokue

Directions(41-50):  In the following questions, you have two brief passage with 5 questions following each passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate rectangle in the Answer Sheet.

                                                                       Passage-I

Bertrand Russell in The Conquest of Happiness has said that the sole reason of unhappiness finding refuge in the heart of man is the unhindered growth of “self – centred  passions”. These passions are more often materialistic. And in the pursuit of materialistic passion, man becomes alienated from the society. Failure in his pursuit often leads him to discontentment and dejection and he finds himself a misfit in this world.In the modern world, none is unaffected by stress. The stress to outdo the other in this mad rat race of consumerism often leads to depression. Even children are not spared from this. They  are supposed to fare better than their classmates in examinations and other co- curricular activities. So man, right from chidhood, has to face the brunt of being born in this fast changing society.

A section of the youth, unable to cope with the expections of their loved ones, either end their lives or experiment with drugs, for seeking temporary mental relaxation provided  by the initial intake, encourages people to indulge in them more often. The body them becomes totally dependent on drugs and cannot survive without the daily dose. With regular intake the amount required to produce the effect also increases. This physical and mental dependence on drugs is called  drug addiction.

Drug addiction is a psychiatric, psychological and social problem. While persons of all ages and at all places are open to drug use the most susceptible among them are the youth. It has attained the proportions of almost an epidemic  among the youth. It is mostly introduced to an unsuspecting person by his friends and is usually observed that once addicted to drugs, they initiate other to drugs. Some youngsters take to drugs because they are poked fun at if they do not use drugs. And some take drugs just to seek company or break boredom. In addition to these, other factors that lead to drug addiction are- luck of parental care and supervision, luck of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes, hatred for any authority etc. Seeking refuge in drugs relieves tensions, eases depressions and removes inhibitions, although the period of ecstasy is apparently short-lived.

41.  Which of the following statements is true?

(a)  All youngsters take to drugs because they are mocked at if they do not use drugs.

(b)  Drug addiction is a problem restricted to they youth.

(c) There is almost an epidemic of drug use among the youth.

(d) All youngsters take drugs just to break boredom.

42.   The cycle of drug addiction involves:

(a) initiation, relaxation and de-addiction

(b)  initiation, rehabilitation and addiction

(c)  initiation, peer pressure and addiction

(d)  initiation, relaxation and addiction

43.  The reason cited by Bertrand Russell for the unhappiness of man is

(a) alienation from society

(b) failure in life

(c) materialistic self- centeredness

(d)  stress to outdo others

44.  The theme being developed by the writer is

(a) the conquest of happiness

(b) pressures of the modern world

(c) problems emerging out of materialism

(d) drug addiction

45.  What leads youth to drugs?

(a) Inability to cope with the demands of the modern world

(b) Rapid changes in the modern world

(c) Undue competition of the modern world

(d) (a), (b)and (c)

                                 Passage-II

A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicates by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves – the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self-replicating computer programs which install themselves without the users consent. Virus writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their hosts computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish ho explore artiifical life and evolutionary algorithms.

46.   The vast majority of viruses evade antivirus softwares by

(a)  inserting copies of itself into programs

(b)  targeting Microsoft Windows systems

(c)  using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies

(d) exploiting detailed knowledege of security vulnerabilities.

47.  What is one of the motives of creating viruses?

(a) To sabotage and deny service

(b) To gain access to classified files

(c) To corrupt hard drives

(d) To exploit security knowledge

48.  What is the synonym of vulnerability  in the passage ?

(a) Susceptibility           (b) liability

(c)  Responsibility          (d) Accountability

49.  What is the defining characteristic of a computer virus?

(a) Its ability to execute programs

(b) Its ability to affect the computer system

(c) Its ability to hid itself

(d) Its ability to self-replicate

50.   How do virus writers gain access to computing resources?

(a) By executing malwares

(b) By employing a variety of mechanisms

(c) By using social engineering

(d) By affecting computing networks